History of Wareham, 1867

The following has been scanned and reformatted from The Plymouth County Directory and Historical Register of the Old Colony, published by Stillman B. Pratt & Co., Middleboro, Mass., 1867.

In 1838, Silvanus Bourne, Esq., furnished a series of very interest­ing articles to 
one of the County papers, concerning the history of this town. He says:---The east part 
of the town, known as the "Agawam purchase," lay in the township of Plymouth, and the 
west part belonged to Rochester, until in 1739, these two tracts were incor­porated as 
the town of Wareham, the name being borrowed from an old English town, once of some note. 
In 1827, Wareham was enlarged by the addition of a slice of Plymouth and Carver, known 
as Tihonet.

From 1739, until 1824, the people of the West end, and the inhabi­tants of Agawam, were 
mutually jealous of each others' rights, so much so that two constables, and two 
collectors, were always appointed, and even two sets of tax bills were always made.

Agawam probably derives its name from one of the Massachusetts tribes of that name. There 
are several Agawams in the State, and it is supposed that some one of these was the 
abiding place of the tribe, and that the others were temporary homes of parts of the 
same tribe.

This tract was leased in 1678, for seven years, and in 1682, was sold by the town of 
Plymouth, in order to raise funds for building a new meeting-house in that town. The 
purchasers were ten in number, in­cluding John Chubbuck, Samuel Bates and. John Fearing.

These early settlers began their colony as though they were a sepa­rate nation, laying 
out a mill lot, pound and grave yard, and would undoubtedly have built a pillory and 
whipping-post, but Plymouth was careful to reserve in the deed of sale, jurisdiction of 
the territory. Two lots of land and one of meadow, were reserved for the ministry. in 1701.

The first highway run nearly East and West, crossing the streams at the head of tide water. 
Other ways led to the house of every set­tler, some of them open, and some through gates 
and bars.

The land southerly of Agawam, is indented with many coves, form­ing numerous peninsulas, 
or necks, as they are here called. There are also numerous islands, among them Wjckett's, 
named for the Indian who owned it; Ousett, on which the credulous believed money was 
buried, and where lights were formerly seen on stormy nights, and even the money chest 
has been seen by curious searchers! Little Bird, Tinis, besides the-cluster of islands 
in Little Harbor. There are two beaches made by the waves of Buzzard's Bay, and the 
extensive flats yield many shell fish. There are several ponds, and numerous valuable 
streams of water, in this section, among them Red Brook, col­ored by the iron-oar bed over 
which it passes, and the Agawam river, a valuable manufacturing stream. The wood is 
mainly pitch-pine.

It is not known at what time the West end of the town was first settled. The lands were 
granted by the Virginia mode, called singling. To each proprietor was given a warrant 
stating that he was en­titled to a certain quantity of land. This warrant he could assign 
or locate it where he pleased, in one or more lots, or in any shape. Of course, all 
aimed to secure the best land, and one surveyor, not al­ways knowing what another had 
done, some lots were often more than once covered, which led to litigation and trouble. 
There were also left many odd strips called gores.

At the time of the incorporation, of Wareham, July, 1739, it is not known what its 
population was. At that time, every town containing forty qualified voters, was entitled 
to a representative, but for forty years after incorporation, the town voted that they 
were not qualified to send, and when they wished to be heard at General Court, they sent 
an Agent instead of a Representative.

In the French War of 1757-8, Wareham sent nine of her citizens to assist in the capture 
of Cape Breton, and Samuel Besse lost his life there. Five others joined the Northern army, 
to capture Canada, besides Jo. Joseph, Sol. Joseph and. Jabez Wickett, three Indians of 
the place, who fought against the hostile Indians.

Previous to the Revolutionary war, as early as Jan. 18, 1773. at the request of the town 
of Boston, a town meeting was held in Wareharn to consider of matters of grievances the 
Provinces were under. Capt. Josiah Carver was moderator. In Feb. 1774, strong resolutions 
were adopted, insisting upon the rights of British Freedom. In Jan. 1775, they voted to 
allow every minute man 1s, 4d, per week, and refused to make any tax under the King's 
authority, but to pay the Province tax already made to Dr. Andrew Mackie, with instructions 
that he keep it till the town otherwise order. On March 17, they voted to purchase six 
guns for the town, and instructed Nathan Bassett to put the other guns in repair and 
make bayonets for them.

About the time of the battle of Lexington, it was rumored that the King's troops were at 
Marshfield, laying the country waste. Forty min­ute men immediately left for Plymouth, 
under the command of Capt. Israel Fearing, Lieuts. Ebenezer Chubbuck and Barnabus Bates.

Eight men served two months; eighteen enlisted for six months, and were stationed along 
shore. During their term of service, they went to an alarm at Nashuana, rowing themselves 
in two whale boats. Nine were in the army near Boston, eight months, making thirty-six 
men sent into service the first year, from a town without voters enough to send a 
representative. In 1776, eighteen men enlisted, and in 1777, fourteen men enlisted for 
three years or the war, eight men enlisted for two months, to serve in Rhode Island, and 
in August, nearly every man in the militia went on the secret expedition to Newport.

In Sep., 1777, the town voted £33 for 100 lbs. of powder, and in Nov., £100 to supply the 
families of Continental soldiers with such ar­ticles as they should need. In Sept., 1778, 
the British burnt the ship­ping at New Bedford, and our militia turned out under Maj. 
Israel Fearing, and all concur in saying that he conducted the defences on the east side 
of the river, with good judgment and bravery, the fire of his men warding off a night 
attack. The militia went twice to Falmouth. Sep. 21st , 1780, voted £36 17s. hard money, 
for beef to send to the army. Jan. 1781, voted to have a lottery to raise $280, hard 
money, to raise soldiers with. Eighty-six different individuals did ser­vice in the army, 
13 of whom died.

"During the Revolutionary war, the operations of our patriotic citi­zens were not confined 
to the land. Capt. Barzilla Besse went out privateering under a commission from the 
State, in an armed sloop, and took one prize. He, together with John Gibbs, and some 
others of his crew, left his vessel at Nantucket, and went on board Capt. Dimmick of 
Falmouth, as volunteers, in a wood sloop borrowed at that place for the occasion, and 
running down towards the enemy's vessel, which was a shaving mill mounting six swivels. 
Dimmick was ordered to strike; he showed submission---but in running under her stern, he 
put his bowsprit over the enemy's taffrail, and, calling upon his men, they sprang on 
board, killed the English captain, and took his vessel in a few minutes.

"Also a 10 gun sloop, named the Hancock, owned by John Carver, Nathan Bassett, and others, 
was fitted out from this place as a priva­teer, commanded by James Southard. The first 
cruise, they went to the West Indies and took two prizes. The second cruise, they took 
2 Grand Bank fishermen, both brigs, and brought them into Wareham.

"The enemy took from our citizens the schooner Lion, coming from the West Indiea. with a 
load of salt---the schooner Desire, going to Brazil, and a sloop which was built for a 
privateer, and performed one unsuccessful cruise in that capacity, but was afterwards 
sent to Turks Island for salt, and was taken while returning."

In 1784, voted to vendue the colors belonging to the town. This vote is now much to be 

Previous to the war of 1812, commerce flourished and many vessels were built at the 
Narrows. We had but one man in the regular army, Joseph Saunders, and he was killed at 
the battle of New Or­leans. 11 of our sloops were captured by the enemy, among them:---
"The sloop Polly, Capt. Barrows, was taken on the 9th of June, !814, off Westport. 
The Captain ransomed her for $200, and came home to get the money, leaving Moses Bumpus 
and James Miller with the British until his return.

"The same day, the sloop Polly was re-taken, by a party fitted out from Westport; but 
the two young men, Bumpus and Miller, had been taken on board the brig-of-war, Nimrod, 
and by their aid, as was sup­posed, in a few days, she run up the Bay to West's Island; 
here they landed, and took Samuel Besse on board for a pilot, as he says, by force, and 
compelled him to pilot the brig up the Bay. On the next day, June 13th, she was seen by 
Ebenezer Bourne, about nine o'clock A. M., off Mattapoisett, standing up the Bay; and at 
ten, came to an anchor about four miles southerly of Bird Island Light; and immedi­ately 
manned six barges, which formed a line, two abreast. Each barge had a large lateen sail, 
and was rowed by six oars, double manned, with a fair wind and strong flood tide, and 
steered for Wareham. Bourne left his work, and ran to his boat, then lying at Crooked 
River, and sailed across to the lower end of the neck, where he took land, and in twenty 
minutes from the time he left home, gave information to the Selectmen, then assembled on 
other business, in the lower house, at the Narrows village. He and they passed quickly 
through the vil­lage, giving the alarm to the citizens, until they arrived at the house 
of Benjamin Fearing, Esq. Here the Selectmen ordered Maj. William Barrows to assemble the 
men and prepare their guns as fast as possi­ble---then pass down the Narrows, and they would 
forward them ammunition as soon as it could be procured from the town stores, which were 
kept by Wadsworth Crocker, Esq. Bourue, upon his first arrival at Fearing's, meeting with 
a. gentleman, upon a smart horse, bound towards Agawam, requested him to quicken his speed, 
and stop at the next public house, then kept by Capt. Israel Fearing, and tell him to call 
out his men, and proceed forthwith to the east side of the Nar­rows---this the stranger 
promised, and performed. Maj. Barrows col­lected 12 men with arms, which he paraded; and 
the minister, Rev. Noble Everett, came from the Selectmen with a keg of powder, and balls. 
But while they were loading their guns, Wm. Fearing, Esq., and Jonathan Reed came to the 
Major, and told him to put his arms and ammunition out of sight, for they had made a treaty 
with the en­emy, and had agreed to spare private property. The guns were hid under Capt. 
Jeremiah Bumpus' porch, and the keg of powder left near his house. The British came to the 
turn of the channel---here set a white flag, and proceded to the lower wharf, where the 
marines land­ed---being about 200 in number---paraded on the wharf, and set a sen­tinel upon the 
high land back of the village, with orders to let no citi­zen pass from the village;---and 
about this time, Fearing and Reed approached the enemy with a white handerchief upon a 
cane, and made the treaty aforesaid. The enemy then marched up the street, de­taching 
sentries upon the high land, at convenient distances, until they arrived at the Cotton 
Factory. This, they set on fire by shooting a Congreve rocket into a post in. the middle 
of the first story, and re­turned, taking the arms and powder at Capt. Bumpus' house, and 
threatened to burn the house, if the town stores were not surrendered, which they thought 
were there.

"About this time, four schooners belonging to Falmouth, and one be­longing to Plymouth, 
which had put into this port, for safety, were set on fire by the men left with the 
barges;—these, and the Factory, as they asserted, not being private property. As they 
passed up, they called at Wm. Fearing's store, took something to drink, and went into 
his kitchen, took a brand of fire, and proceeded to his ship-yard, im­mediately in front 
of his house, and here set fire to a new brig, nearly finished, upon the stocks, belonging 
to said Fearing, he remonstrating and reminding them of their treaty, but they asserting 
that she was built for a privateer, put her well on fire, so that she burnt to ashes. 
They fired also a ship and brig lying at the wharf, and five sloops, all of which, as well 
as the Cotton Factory, were put out. Six vessels were not set on fire. They next took 
twelve men as hostages, to pre­vent our citizens from firing upon them---and hoisting a 
white flag, and saying if a gun was fired the hostages would be massacred, embarked., 
having tarried on shore about two hours. About this time, Capt. Is­rael Fearing assembled 
12 men on the opposite side of the Narrows, and showed fight. One of the barges dropped 
over that way, and the Narrows citizens begged him not to fire, as a treaty had been made 
and hostages taken to insure its performance---whereupon he fell back, to watch their 
further movements, kept his men assembled, but, as the hostages were not given up until 
they passed below him, he did not fire, and the enemy departed in peace, landing our 
citizens on Cromeset Point. The barges formed a line, fired a Congreve rocket into the 
air, fired a swivel from the bow of each barge, gave three cheers, and proceeded leisurely 
to the brig; landed Besse upon West's Island, and the young men at North Falmouth. 
Besse was taken up and examined before a magistrate, in New Bedford, and acquitted. 
Mil­ler and Bumpus were examined and committed to prison for further examination and 
trial; and after being imprisoned about three months, were acquitted, and both shipped 
on board of a privateer, where Bumpus was killed, and Miller lost a leg by a cannon ball. 
The whole damage done by the expedition as estimated at the time, was $25,000."

The first settled minister was Rowland Thatcher, ordained in 1740, died 1773. His 
successors have been Josiah Cotton, 1774; Noble Everett, 1784-.1820; Daniel Hemmenway, 
1821-1828; Samuel Nott, ordained 1829; Homer Barrows, and Rev. T. F. Clary, present 
pastor. In 1830, the First Christian Society was formed, but not now in operation. The 
building on High Street, was purchased by the Catholics, about l865, and is now occupied 
by them. In 1830, the M. E. Society was formed, and soon after a church built near the 
Center. Services have not been held there regularly, of late;---a good part of the 
membership being at Agawam, meetings are held there.

In 1780, the town paid their minister $240 per Sabbath---in the depreciated currency of 
the times. The town and parish records have been entered in separate books, since 1828, 
at which time the present church edifice was erected.

The first school was held in 1741, and the first Temperance Society was formed in 
Wareham, in 1824.

In 1742, Wareham sent out a colony of more than 100, which set­tled in Sharon, Ct. 
From 1739 to 1829, deer reeves were annually elected, to enforce the laws for the 
protection of these animals.

Wareham has long been celebrated for its iron and nail manufactories. The first 
machinery for making of nails, was introduced by L & J. Pratt, & Co., in 1822.

In 1822, B. Murdock & Co., built the Washington Iron Works on the Weweantit river. In 
1828, a second dam was erected, a half a mile above. In 1827, the. "Poles Works" were 
erected; in 1828, the "Tihonet Works," and in 1836, the "Agawam Works."

Most of these establishments have been burnt out at various times. The Washington Works, 
now called Tremont, have lately been rebuilt in the best style. They are owned by 
Joshua B. Tobey. The Poles establishment is now owned by the Robinson Iron Co.

Besides the manufacture of nails, much attention has been given to iron casting and 
iron manufacturing. The "Franconia Works," on the wharf, below the Narrows, employ a 
large number of men in making merchantable iron. S. T. Tisdale, Esq., is at the head of 
the Agawam Works. The first blast furnace was erected in 1805, on the Weweantit river.

About 1820, the manufacture of hollow ware, in blast furnaces, was the most thriving 
business in the vicinity, although most of the fur­naces were in Carver and Middleboro, 
yet the ore was brought from New Jersey, and landed at Wareham; from thence it was hauled 
to the different furnaces and the ware returned to Wareham, for shipping. Whole forests 
of pitch pine timber were felled, and converted into coal to melt the moulton masses 
with which these various furnaces were continually charged. The introduction of hard coal 
and pig iron, completely revolutionized this business, and blast furnaces were abandoned.

The manufacture of staves and nail casks has long been an impor­tant branch of business. 
The name of Lewis Kenney, is inseparably connected with this business, and in 1829, the 
first machinery for saw­ing the staves, was introduced by him, since which time he has 
added many valuable machines for sawing.

The first cotton factory here, was built in 1812. In 1816, Curtis Tobey built another, 
and in 1823, Benjamin Lincoln, added still anoth­er factory. Nothing is done in this 
line now.

The first paper mill was on the Weweantit, built in 1824, by Pardon Tabor. The new paper 
establishment, near the Tremont depot, was lately erected by Wheelwright & Co., of 
Boston. This, in 1865, em­ployed 13 hands.

During the Revolutionary war, when salt was in great demand, our people embarked largely 
in its manufacture, by boiling the sea water in large kettles. From 1806, through the 
second war with England, great quantities of salt were made by evaporation.

The last native Indians died about 1830. When their ancestors sold the land here, one 
of the rights reserved was that of cutting broomsticks and basket stuff, wherever they 

The soil is diluvial, and our people have given much more attention to manufacturing 
than farming. Formerly there were many good orchards.

List of soldiers and sailors who died in the service of their country, in the late 

Geo. H. French, B, 24th, at Beaufort, N. C., Jan. 22nd, 1863.
Joseph W. Tinkham, 3rd Reg.
Patrick Crim, K, 28th Reg't.
Thomas S. Hatch, C, 18th Reg't.
James F. Leonard, G, 18th Reg't.
Wm. Ashton, G, 18th Reg't.
Samuel Benson, G, 18th Reg't.
Theodore E. Paddock, G, 18th Reg't.
Arch. Stringer, G, 18th Reg't.
Patrick Cox, C, 58th , died Feb. 8th, 1865.
Jas. R. Russie, A, 20th, died in prison.
Stephen S. Russie, A, 24th Reg't.
Marcus Atwood. 18th Reg't.
Jas. Blackwell, A, 20th, died at, Wareham.
Benj. F. Bumpus, A, 20th Reg't.
Daniel C. Bumpus, B, 24th Reg't, Sept. 30th, 1864.
John J. Carrol, A, 20th Reg't.
Benj. D. Clifton, 20th Reg't.
John A. Haskins, 6th Battery, died at Washington, D. C., Dec. 6th, 1864.
Joseph Hayden, B, 24th Reg't.
John D. Manter, B, .3rd, at Newbern, N. C.
James Maddigan, A, 20th, at Wareham.
John R. Oldham, at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 14th, 1864.
John S. Oldham, B, 3rd Reg't, died at Newbern, N. C.
Isaac S. Oldham, B, 24th, died at Beaufort, N. C., Feb. 2nd, 1863.
David A. Perry, B, 24th Reg't.
Daniel Westgate, 1st Battalion, Co. D.
Julian W. Swift, A, 20th, killed at Petersburg.
Horatio G. Harlow, C, 58th, at Libby Prison.
Stephen H. Drew, 58th Reg't.
Geo. W. Besse, H, 58th, July 2nd, 1864.
Geo. H. Loring, A, 20th, at Libby Prison.

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